Several dynasties and kings have ruled over Delhi, each adding to the rich layers of historical heritage of the city. Forts, Mosques, Market places, Minarets, temples and arcs of bravery are all part of the historical heritage of Delhi. Qutub Minar is one such monument which Delhi is known for, it is also declared as one of the UNESCO heritage sites in the world. It is located in the Mehrauli region of Delhi, towards the southern side.
Qutubuddin Aibak of Mamluk Dynasty built the first storey of the Minar and later generation of rulers added further to the minaret. The structure derives its name from the first builder Qutubuddin Aibak. It stands 73meters tall and has withstood lightning and earthquakes over the years. It was reconstructed and repaired by Firoz Shah Tughaluq and Sikander Lodhi. There is the famous Quuwwat-ul-Islam Mosque near the Minar and also various tombs of kings and rulers in the vicinity of Qutub Minar. Alauddin Khilji is also buried in the Qutub Minar complex.
The history and architecture of the Minar draws a lot of attention from travellers all over the world. Minar is one of the places to visit if you happen to be in Delhi. The Minar is well connected by the road and Metro network making the commute easy. Qutub Minar Station and Saket are closest to the Minar complex. These are about 1.5km and can be a brisk walk of 20 minutes from the Qutub Minar complex. Autorickshaws and DTC buses also ply on the route giving many options to travellers.
Architecturally, it is a Minar construction with 5 storeys, that are tapering with balconies. The fourth and fifth storey are of marble construction. The Minar tilts about 65cm from the vertical considered within the safe limits. Qutub Minar served as an inspiration for constructions like Chand Minar and Mini Qutub Minar built later.
Qutub Minar, with all the architecture and history around it, is also a place of tragedy on Dec 4, 1981. A power outage created stampede resulting in the death of 45 people is something which has made the authorities close entry into the Minar. Many suicide attempts earlier to this also fortified the case for it to be closed. Currently, other premises except the Minar are open for public.
Mamluks or the Slave dynasty were the first conquerors of Delhi and their architecture and contribution to the rich history of Delhi can be experienced in the Qutub Minar, an opportunity not to be missed when in Delhi.