This great piece of art and science's confluence was built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Partap Singh. It was made to screen the ladies of his court from public gaze as they watched, unseen, the processions and festivals that took place on streets.
The architectural feature allows fresh air from the venturi effect to pass through the palace, which makes the whole structure pleasant during hot summer, this is why it is named Hawa Mahal (Palace of Wind). Its unique five-storey exterior is akin to the honeycomb of a beehive with its 953 small windows (called jharokhas) decorated with intricate latticework. The original intent of the lattice design was for royal ladies to observe everyday life and festivals celebrated in the street below without being seen since they had to obey the strict rules of "purdah", which forbade them from appearing in public without face coverings.
Hawa Mahal is a signature place for Jaipur tourism. It is just not possible to go to Jaipur and not see the Palace of Wind. The structure is in hues of red and pink. The windows are of every shape and size, some with coloured glass. The view from the roof is impressive; Janter Manter (observatory) can also be seen. A grand fountain in the courtyard is also present. You will enjoy moving about from room to room and floor to floor through its narrow corridors.
The Wind Palace is within the city walls and smacks dab in one of the bazaars. Many people see the Hawa Mahal from the street view and think it is the front of the palace, but in reality, it is the back of that structure. The inside of Hawa Mahal is mostly empty shell rooms and some window slips that you can peek out of, as the Mahal residents would have in generations past. The best time to visit is early morning as this place is always packed with tourists.